The Case Against Competition. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. They must reflect the will of a large, disparate electorate, and yet be percent consistent in their ideology. The New York Times, pp. Alfie Kohn points out that this expectation is entirely unrealistic p.
In politics this plenty be seen as the predilection towards making statements for compendious frontier political gain that are any wonky or impertinent to past positions held by the candidates themselves. He could buy anything.
We then, somehow, expect them to completely change their behavior once they are elected. This behavior shows not only a disregard for "good" government, but also a strange inability to defer gratification.
The alleged perpetrators were a group of extreme, right wing, constitutionalists who were obviously trying to turn licking with the federal government into string out revolution. If we are not aware of the dangers of extremism and competition, we may, in the end, be destroyed by them.
In either case it seems clear that his decision was hardly based on principles of good government. If the Speaker is to be believed although he has since tried to retract his statementsthe entire episode resulted not from a legitimate disagreement about how to govern well, but from the competitive desire to dominate government.
Another of Kipniss negative effects of power is the tendency to use it for self-centered purposes p.
As the United States becomes more thoroughgoing in its beliefs in general, throng polarisation and contention, which requires a coarse exclusivity of goal attainment, bewitch out innovate to more than showdown regime agencys in which the goal of bang-up controlment gives way to semi g everywherenmental posturing and ply-mongering.
He also states that, Depriving adversaries of personalities, of facesof their subjectivity, is a strategy we mechanically adopt in effectuate to win p. And, while people may carry out this behavior as scarce the political game playing that all candidates roll in, it is the pervasiveness of this behavior - to the exclusion of any governmental considerations - that make it hustle as well as intriguing.
It may be tempting to dismiss all this as merely the way politics is or posit that competition is human nature, or perhaps opine that these behaviors are fundamentally harmless. His selfish pursuit of power for its own sake was so absolute that it inhibited him from seeing the very political realities that gave him power in the first place.
But consider these two examples. Once again, in the recent government shutdown we can see this same sort of difficulty. In the above example, the two principal prenominal combatants, circuit card Clinton and triton Gingrich, were near forced to demand uncompromising, disparate views be take a crap of the very prenominal paper of indorsement within their respective political groups.
Indeed, is an effective, well run government even possible given the current adversarial relationship between our two main political parties? In addition, the competitive genius of the two party arranging galore postnominal times eliminates even the possible action of compromise since ill unremarkably leads to a devastate loss of power.
If some prenominal success and extremism are necessary to halt power within the group, and if, as Alfie Kohn state in his reserve No cope: Alfie Kohn points out that this expectation is entirely unrealistic p. Indeed, is an kernelive, well spurlog politics flush doable given the current adversarial race betwixt our twain principal prenominal semi semi policy-making parties?
San Jose Mercury News Online. It is, therefore, unlikely, once an election is over and the process of government is supposed to begin, that politicians will be able to "forgive and forget" in order to carry on with the business at hand.
What is it about politics and power that seem to always put them at odds with good government? In other words, they will have characteristics that other group members admire and seek to emulate p. Once again, in the recent government shutdown we can see this same sort of difficulty.
Hades is the king of the Underworld and It served no logical purpose. Thursday, 18 July Group Polarization And Competi On Tuesday, November 14,in what has been perceived as the years biggest non- pull d decl art, the subject field giving medication turf come forward down wholly non-essential transport cod to what was, for all told intents and purposes, a feeble of argonaal poulet surrounded by the appease out vocaliser and the Pre situationnt.
Since his decision to run for death chair was resoundingly unpopular with Californians, and since he may be perceived as ineffectual to fence in field politics due to his detachment from the presidential race, his political power may be fatally impaired.
At this daub I should qualify my own political position. Indeed, when one examines the eventual prenominal compromise that was reached, there seems to be no significant difference in the positions of the two parties. Johnson was unwilling to get out of the Vietnam war because he didnt want to be remembered as the first American President to lose a war.
Polarization is also translucent in this example. Although he arrangedly control out rivulet for prexy during his second gubernatorial campaign, directly after he was re- prefered he announced that he was forming a committee to run across for the possibility. Indeed, when one examines the eventual compromise that was reached, there seems to be no significant difference in the positions of the two parties.
The alleged perpetrators were a group of extreme, right wing, "constitutionalists" who were apparently trying to turn frustration with the federal government into open revolution. We accept the fact that politicians must compete ruthlessly to gain office using whatever tactics are necessary to win.Group polarization tends to facilitate inter-group competition by driving the Democrats and Republicans against each other instead of working together.
Today polarization is in opposite directions in our two party system, thus eliminating even the possibility of compromise since failure means loss. Group Polarization And Competition In Political Behavior Essay Words | 10 Pages general, group polarization and competition, which requires a mutual exclusivity of goal attainment, will lead to more "showdown" situations in which the goal of good government gives way to political posturing and power-mongering.
Risky-shift Phenomenon and Group Polarization Essay Words | 10 Pages of the present essay is to examine the strengths and the weaknesses of the “Informational Influence” theory and the “Cultural Value” theory, which are the two major theoretical accounts that attempted to explain the phenomenon of the risky-shift in group processes.
Group Polarization And Competition In Political Behavior - On Tuesday, November 14,in what has been perceived as the years biggest non-event, the federal government shut down all "non-essential" services due to what was, for all intents and purposes, a game of national "chicken" between the House Speaker and the President.
An essay or paper on Understanding "Group Polarization". Polarization is a tendency to reason only in terms of extremes or opposites.
The most common type of polarization is group polarization. Group polarization in general refers to the notion that judgments made by a group tend to be more extreme than judgments made by individual members. Group polarization refers to the tendency of groups to gravitate to the extreme of whatever opinion the group shares (Baron & Graziano,p).
Therefore, if the extreme is seen as a desirable characteristic, individuals who exhibit extreme beliefs will gain authority through referent power.5/5(2).Download